Pruning The lychee tree is pruned every year around the time the fruit is picked or immediately afterward Lychee gardeners snip off around 4 inches (10 cm) of the branch point that produced the fruit as the bunches of ripening fruits are picked. Recommended cultivars for fruit production include: Lychee trees begin producing fruit in 3-5 years. The benefits of trees extend beyond their beauty. Pruning is the most common tree maintenance procedure. This method of branch reduction helps to preserve the natural form of the tree. Currently growing 8 lychee varieties on Sunshine Coast hinterland property (near Cooroy). Check that the equipment is suitable for the task and that PPE fits properly. Erinose mites can damage foliage and fruit. Delightfully textured pinkish red skin and inside, the delicious glossy white fruit. Only a small number of these are ever pollinated (100 200). 0000002180 00000 n Being a seedling they will take longer to come into fruiting. The trees are very sensitive to salts. numerous local selections in Australia, Florida, Taiwan, Thailand, and Hawaii. Order online and choose pickup 1 day before you visit us. This helps keep water where it's needed. Learn more about the types of these plants, care tips, how to grow a Lychee from seed, and more from this in-depth article. Common reasons for pruning are to remove dead branches, to improve form and to reduce risk. Beautiful coloured fruit with very small seed. Sometimes the best solution is to remove the tree and replace it with a species that is more appropriate for the site. Fertilizer application amounts for establishing lychee trees Tree age (years) ounces grams 1 1.1 30 2 1.4 40 3 . Where I live in the Pacific Northwest we are privy to a plethora of Asian markets and theres nothing more fun than tooling around investigating every package, fruit and vegetable. STEPHEN RYAN: If like Colin, you have a love of the lychee tree or in fact a craving for any of those other tropical fruit, there's a terrific article in the April issue of the Gardening Australia Magazine. Repot every spring. The exterior of the fruit is dark greenish and red in colour. Asbestos, lead-based paints and copper chromium arsenic (CCA) treated timber are health hazards you need to look out for when renovating older homes. 0000001955 00000 n Their shallow root system and fragility demands a protected position in the garden, but once established, they are incredibly rewarding. Relatives: The Lychee is the only member of the Litchi genus. Just take the right amount of time and make sure that you dont end up cutting the tree so much that it starts to wilt. Lychees are a very popular fruit for very good reason.. they taste amazing. Lychee is a fragile plant, so protect it from strong winds and also from frost. Keep the soil free of grass around the base of your lychee tree. While they are still young, lychee trees are pruned regularly to promote a full, rounded shape. The bark is smooth and gray. Other sources state that trees only require the night time low to be below 20C (68F) for a 6-8 week period for some varieties. 175 0 obj <> endobj Even then, maintenance pruning will be required. If your tree isnt very productive after 5 years, it may well that its not suited to your climate. However, if you do not pinch back, the trees may grow too long and upright. Calculate how much potting mix your garden needs. Lychee trees can be grown in pots - choose a pot that is at least 400-500mm wide by the same depth. Plant in a small jiffy or peat pot in a premium seed-raising mix, placing one seed sideways in each pot to minimise root disturbance. Depending on the bird life in your area, you may need to do the same. Most people start with a small hedge trellis and then work their way up to a larger version. ]]>*/, Evergreen Garden Care Australia, These extra trees should be (but seldom are) removed be fore serious crowding occurs. With pruning lychee trees can easily be kept 3m tall and 4m wide. Fruit set can also be delayed or damaged by excessively cold periods. [CDATA[>*/ Lychee trees prefer a full sun spot in a well drained soil, with protection from strong winds. Add a stake to support bare-rooted trees at planting - this can be removed once the roots have taken. Flowering precedes fruit maturity by approximately 140days. Because of this, it isnt any wonder youre asking what is lychee fruit. The twin trunk pruning style is one of the easiest techniques for pruning Lychee trees. Flowering and fruiting: panicles of small white, yellow and green flowers are produced in profusion in early spring, followed by aromatic, fleshy white fruits encased in a red pimply shell. Loosen the soil at the bottom of the hole and mix Scotts Osmocote Compost Premium Soil Improver and Scotts Osmocote Plus Organics Roses, Gardenias & Azaleas Plant Food & Soil Improver through the original soil. %%EOF Compact growth habit. Contents hide 1 1. Excellent backyard variety. Many growers have found that they can get a few more fruit bearing years from old lychee trees from doing some rejuvenation pruning. Once trees are fruiting applicationsshould be reduced to around three times a year. Use secateurs to cut the fruits from the tree in bunches to avoid damaging the skin. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Trees may also be pruned to increase light and air penetration to the inside of the trees crown or to the landscape below. Machine Pruning Lychee Trees - YouTube 0:00 / 0:25 Machine Pruning Lychee Trees 1,998 views Jan 11, 2016 3 Dislike Share Save tolemac21 7 subscribers This is how to prune 350 Lychee. Seedling are deeper rooted and more stable in the ground so will also be a better choice in high wind areas and marginal climates. The ten year is usually the time they're fully productive and a fully productive tree can produce up to 200 kilos of lychees. Because lychee is one of the most . Your information is being handled in accordance with the. The fruit is round in shape and of a medium size. Fruit has a deep red color with a smooth thin skin. The skin turns brown and dry when left out after harvesting. Tiny enough to grow in small backyards but the fruit size is still large. A wonderful Lychee variety for your subtropical or tropical garden. Fruit Bearing Lychee The tree itself, Litchi chinensis, is a large, long-living subtropical evergreen that bears fruit from May through August in Hawaii. Assess the tree. Position plant in centre of the pot, backfill with potting mix, gently firm down and water in well. 2. 3. Because each cut has the potential to change the growth of the tree, no branch should be removed without a reason. Slicing the Branch Downward 4 4. 0000004634 00000 n The trees are dense, round-topped and relatively slow-growing. Fill a small plastic bag with moist peat moss and seed-raising mix. One of the most prized and desired varieties in the world and the leading variety in China. Fruit must be harvested ripe, it will not ripen off the tree. Will produce good crops every year, despite the climate or soil type from NSW to Cape York. Place in a warm, sunny position, and keep moist but not wet. I get more fruit from my little trees than many get from full size trees once the wildlife has had its share. CHRIS CURLING: The main pests are the lorikeets and the fruit bats - the flying foxes. Lychee trees can be grown in pots - choose a pot that is at least 400-500mm wide by the same depth. Check with your local council for controls in your area. If you are unsure, hire an expert to do the job or talk to a Bunnings Team Member. When to prune lychee is important for ensuring a good crop. Mature trees will provide a level of their own mulch through dropped leaves. | Join Arboriculture Australia, Policies, Standards & Industry Information, Tree Risk Assessment Qualification (TRAQ), Database of Australian Fatalities associated with Tree Failures. Place in a warm, sunny position, and keep moist but not wet. Improper pruning can create lasting damage or even shorten a tree's life. The last thing that you will need to know about pruning lychee trees is to be patient. Therefore, you should prune the tree right away. Discover all of our helpful video content. Plant in a small jiffy or peat pot in a premium seed-raising mix, placing one seed sideways in each pot to minimise root disturbance. 2023 Yates, a division of DuluxGroup (Australia) Pty Ltd, Yates Dynamic Lifter Soil Improver & Plant Fertiliser. Properly trained young trees will develop a strong structure that requires less corrective pruning as they mature. /*-->